Dental Hygiene - Removal of calculus
The basic requirements for dental treatments are healthy gums and good dental hygiene. When this is not the case we can help you via an appointment with our dental hygienist or prevention assistant. Besides, it is also possible to see our dental hygienist if you are referred by a general dentist, or when you have no general dentist.
Healthy and unhealthy gums
When the gums are inflamed, the gums can retract. Healthy gums are pink, attached firmly to the teeth and do not bleed when brushing the teeth. Red, swollen gums are usually inflamed.
When plaque has been on the surface of the teeth and gums for more than 24 hours, the gums become inflamed. For this reason it is very important to remove plaque by brushing the teeth.
The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis occurs when the gums become inflamed; they turn red, swell up, and may bleed. The longer the plaque remains, the worse the inflammation will become.
When plaque is not removed from the teeth, this can become calculus. Calculus cannot be removed from the teeth by brushing. Only your dentist or dental hygienist can remove calculus with special instruments.
As the body's immune system attacks the bacteria, plaque, and calculus, it also damages the tissue and bone surrounding the teeth. When this happens, it is called periodontitis (advanced gum disease). As the gums recede, more bacteria get stuck, exacerbating the damage.
Because of periodontitis the teeth can become loose and gums will detach. The root of the teeth will become visible. Periodontitis can be treated, making the gums healthy again. But, when the gums are deattached from the teeth, they will not grow back. Treatment is necesarry to stabilise the situation.
The first appointment: your gums will get a mark
After having your gums examined by our dental hygienist, she will determine how firmly the gums are attached to the teeth. This measurement will be given a mark. With this mark, she can determine if you have gingivitis or periodontitis. The treatment will be based on this mark.
- 0: Healthy gums
- 1: Inflamed gums caused bij dental plaque. The gums are bleeding. There is gingivitis
- 2: Same as 1, but with calculus.
- 3-: Periodontitis: the gums are detached from the teeth.
- 3+: The gums are detached from the teeth and have receded. The roots are visible.
- 4: Like the situation described above at point 3, but the situation is even worse.
Would you like to have an dental hygiene treatment? Please make an appointment via the contact form on our website or call us on 010 290 9509.
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Intake always within two weeks!